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Male Infertility: Causes, Treatments, and Hope for the Future

Infertility is a topic that many find difficult to discuss, yet it affects millions of couples around the world. While often associated with women, male infertility is equally prevalent and significant. Over recent years, there’s been a noticeable increase in cases of male infertility, prompting many to ask: Why is this happening? What are the causes, and how can it be managed and prevented? This article delves into these questions, offering insights and solutions, including the advanced treatments available at Archish Fertility & IVF.


  • Contribution to Infertility: Male infertility is a factor in approximately 40-50% of all infertility cases worldwide.
  • Affecting Men: Around 7% of men experience infertility at some point in their lives.
  • Sperm Issues: Among infertile men, about 90% have issues related to sperm production, including low sperm count, reduced sperm motility, or abnormal sperm shape.
  • Success Rates with ART: Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) such as In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) have success rates of about 40-50% per cycle in couples dealing with male infertility, depending on various factors such as age and specific conditions.

Why Has Male Infertility Become Common?

Various factors contribute to the increased rates of male infertility, including lifestyle changes, environmental influences, and medical conditions. Here’s a closer look at some key contributors:

1. Lifestyle Factors:

  • Poor Diet: High consumption of processed foods, sugary drinks, and junk food can impact sperm quality.
  • Alcohol and Smoking: Both are known to reduce sperm count and affect sperm motility.
  • Stress: Chronic stress interferes with hormone levels that regulate sperm production.

2. Environmental Factors:

  • Pollution: Exposure to environmental toxins and pollutants can damage sperm.
  • Chemicals: Pesticides, heavy metals, and certain industrial chemicals can negatively affect male fertility.

3. Medical Conditions:

  • Varicocele: Enlarged veins in the scrotum can heat the testicles, reducing sperm production.
  • Infections: Some infections can interfere with sperm health or lead to scarring that blocks sperm passage.
  • Hormonal Imbalances: Issues with testosterone or other hormones can impact sperm production.

Causes of Male Infertility

Understanding the specific causes of male infertility is crucial for effective treatment. Here are some common causes:

  • Sperm Disorders: Low sperm count, poor sperm motility, or abnormal sperm shape can impede fertility.
  • Ejaculation Problems: Conditions like retrograde ejaculation (semen enters the urinary bladder instead of emerging through the penis) can prevent conception.
  • Genetic Factors: Certain genetic disorders can affect sperm production and function.
  • Age: Although men can produce sperm throughout their lives, the quantity and quality of sperm can decline with age.

How to Manage Male Infertility

Managing male infertility involves a combination of lifestyle changes, medical treatments, and, sometimes, assisted reproductive technologies. Here’s how you can approach it:

1. Lifestyle Changes:

  • Healthy Diet: Eating a balanced diet which is rich in fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains improves sperm quality.
  • Regular Exercise: Performing moderate physical activity can boost overall health and improve fertility.
  • Avoiding Toxins: Reducing exposure to environmental toxins protects sperm health.
  • Stress Management: Techniques like yoga, meditation, and counselling can help reduce stress levels.

2. Medical Treatments:

  • Medication: Hormonal treatments or medications to treat underlying infections or conditions.
  • Surgery: Procedures like varicocelectomy to repair varicoceles or surgeries to correct blockages in the sperm pathway.
  • Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART): Techniques such as Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) and In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) can assist in achieving pregnancy.

How to Prevent Male Infertility

While not all causes of male infertility are preventable, specific measures can reduce the risk:

  • Healthy Lifestyle: Maintain a balanced diet, exercise regularly, and avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.
  • Protect Against Infections: Practice safe sex and get vaccinated against infections that can affect fertility.
  • Regular Check-Ups: Regular medical check-ups help detect and treat issues early.
  • Avoid Overheating: Avoid hot baths, saunas, and tight underwear, which can increase scrotal temperature and affect sperm production.

Treatment at Archish Fertility & IVF

Archish Fertility & IVF is a leading centre offering comprehensive treatment for male infertility. Here’s how they can help:

  1. Advanced Diagnostics: Using the latest technology to diagnose the cause of infertility accurately.
  2. Personalized Treatment Plans: Tailoring treatments to individual needs, including medication, surgery, and ART.
  3. Expert Team: A team of experienced doctors, embryologists, and counsellors providing compassionate care.
  4. Cutting-Edge Technology: Employing the latest techniques in IVF and other reproductive technologies to maximize success rates.
  5. Holistic Approach: Addressing lifestyle, dietary, and psychological aspects to support overall reproductive health.

Male infertility is a growing concern, but understanding its causes and taking proactive steps can make a significant difference. Through lifestyle changes, medical interventions, and advanced reproductive technologies, many men can overcome infertility challenges. Archish Fertility & IVF focuses on providing hope and practical solutions to couples facing infertility challenges. They combine state-of-the-art medical treatments with a supportive environment to help individuals and couples’ journey to parenthood.

Overcome male infertility with Archish Fertility & IVF. Schedule your consultation now!

Frequently Asked Questions

Our Specialists

Dr. Ankita Gahlot

Fertility Consultant

Dr. Anagha Nawal

Fertility Consultant

Dr. Lakshmi Kumari A

Fertility Consultant

Navin Desai

Male Fertility Expert / Embryology Head