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Understanding Uterine Fibroids: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Uterine fibroids, also known as leiomyomas or myomas, are non-cancerous growths in or on the uterus, right? These benign tumors are common, especially among women of reproductive age. But did you know that despite being common, fibroids can be very different in size, location, and symptoms? Because of these differences, there are various treatment options tailored to individual needs. Interested to learn more? Let’s explore the causes, symptoms, and treatments for uterine fibroids, focusing on the advanced care available in Bangalore, especially at Archish Fertility & IVF.

What Are Uterine Fibroids?

Uterine fibroids are made of smooth muscle cells and fibrous connective tissue. They can develop in different parts of the uterus, including:

  • Intramural Fibroids: Located within the muscular wall of the uterus.
  • Submucosal Fibroids: Protruding into the uterine cavity.
  • Subserosal Fibroids: Extending outward from the uterus into the pelvic cavity.
  • Pedunculated Fibroids: Sticked to the uterine wall by a stalk-like growth.

While the exact cause of fibroids remains is still unknown, several factors contribute to their development, including hormonal imbalances (particularly in estrogen and progesterone), genetic predispositions, and growth factors that influence cell proliferation.

Symptoms and Complications

Many women with fibroids experience no symptoms and may not even be aware they have them. However, when symptoms occur, they range from mild to severe and would include:

  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Prolonged menstrual periods
  • Pelvic pain and pressure
  • Frequent urination
  • Difficulty emptying the bladder
  • Constipation
  • Backache or leg pains

In some cases, fibroids can lead to complications such as anaemia from heavy blood loss, fertility issues, and pregnancy-related problems, including miscarriage, preterm labour, and complications during delivery.


Diagnosing fibroids typically involves a combination of a pelvic exam and imaging tests. Ultrasound is the most common imaging technique, but other methods, like MRI, can provide more detailed information about the size, number, and location of fibroids. In certain situations, hysteroscopy or laparoscopy may be employed to visualize the uterine cavity and fibroids directly.

Treatment Options

The treatment for uterine fibroids is based on various factors, including the severity of symptoms, the size and location of the fibroids, the patient’s age, and their reproductive goals. Treatment options include:

1. Watchful Waiting: Regular monitoring may be sufficient for asymptomatic fibroids or those causing mild symptoms.

2. Medications: Medications can help manage symptoms. These include:

  • Hormonal Treatments: Birth control pills, GnRH agonists, and progestin-releasing intrauterine devices (IUDs) can help regulate menstrual cycles and reduce bleeding.
  • Non-Hormonal Treatments: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for pain relief and tranexamic acid for reducing menstrual blood loss.

3. Minimally Invasive Procedures:

  • Uterine Artery Embolization (UAE): A procedure that cuts off the blood supply to the fibroids, making them to shrink.
  • MRI-Guided Focused Ultrasound Surgery (FUS): A non-invasive treatment that uses high-intensity ultrasound waves to destroy fibroid tissue.

4. Surgical Options:

  • Myomectomy: This procedure surgically removes the fibroids while preserving the uterus, suitable for women who wish to maintain fertility.
  • Hysterectomy: Complete removal of the uterus, a definitive solution for fibroids but not an option for those wanting to retain fertility.

5. Alternative Therapies: Some women explore acupuncture, herbal remedies, or dietary changes, though these should be discussed with your doctor to ensure safety and efficacy.

Advanced Fibroid Treatment in Bangalore: Archish Fertility & IVF

Bangalore, known for its advanced healthcare infrastructure, is a leading destination for treating uterine fibroids. Archish Fertility & IVF is among the top centres for fibroid treatment, offering state-of-the-art facilities and comprehensive care.

Why Choose Archish Fertility & IVF?
  1. Expertise and Experience: Archish’s team comprises highly skilled gynaecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, and surgeons with extensive experience managing fibroids.
  2. Cutting-Edge Technology: Archish Fertility & IVF uses the latest technology to diagnose and treat fibroids, including advanced imaging techniques and minimally invasive surgical tools.
  3. Personalized Care: The centre prides itself on offering special customized treatment plans tailored to each patient’s unique needs and health goals. This patient-centric approach ensures that all aspects of the patient’s condition and preferences are considered.
  4. Holistic Approach: Besides medical and surgical treatments, Archish offers holistic care, including nutritional counselling, stress management, and lifestyle modifications, which can significantly help manage fibroid symptoms.
  5. Success Stories: Numerous patients have benefited from Archish’s advanced treatments, and many testimonials highlight successful symptom management and fertility preservation outcomes.

Treatment Options at Archish Fertility & IVF

  • Comprehensive Diagnostics: From detailed ultrasounds to MRIs, the diagnostic facilities at Archish ensure accurate and thorough assessments of fibroids.
  • Medical Management: For women seeking non-surgical options, Archish provides a range of medical therapies to control symptoms effectively.
  • Minimally Invasive Surgery: Techniques like laparoscopic myomectomy and hysteroscopic resection of fibroids are performed with precision, ensuring minimal recovery time and reduced risk of complications.
  • Fertility Preservation: For women desiring to conceive, Archish offers fertility-sparing treatments and assisted reproductive technologies (ART) to optimize the chances of pregnancy.

Uterine fibroids, the most common gynaecological condition which significantly impacts a woman’s quality of life and reproductive health. However, with advances in science and the availability of specialized care, effective management and treatment of fibroids are within reach. With its advanced healthcare facilities and renowned centres like Archish Fertility & IVF, Bangalore offers women comprehensive care tailored to their individual needs. Whether through medication, minimally invasive techniques, or surgery, women can get rid of fibroid symptoms and pursue their health and fertility goals with confidence.

Frequently Asked Questions

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Dr. Ankita Gahlot

Fertility Consultant

Dr. Anagha Nawal

Fertility Consultant

Dr. Lakshmi Kumari A

Fertility Consultant

Navin Desai

Male Fertility Expert / Embryology Head